Grape Vines are relatively easy to grow but they require a sturdy trellis to support them.

 

American Chestnut flowers

 

Cinnamon Fern

 

Prickly Pear Cactus in bloom

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Edible Landscaping

In addition to domesticated grapes, apples, pears, peaches, cherries and apricots, there are many options for edible landscaping. Try some of these:

Large Trees

  • American Chestnut (Castanea dentata) native, and Chinese Chestnut (C. mollissima)
  • Butternut (Juglans cinera), native
  • Pecan (Carya illinoinensis) native
  • Persimmon (Diospyros virginiana), native
  • Walnut (Juglans nigra), native **All parts of the Black Walnut emit a toxin that can kill or stunt many common garden plants up to 80 feet away

Small trees and large shrubs

  • American Cranberrybush Viburnum (Viburnum trilobum), native large shrub, fruits
  • American Hazelnut (Corylus americana, C. cornuta), native large shrub
  • American Plum (Prunus americana), native small tree
  • Common Fig (Ficus carica), large shrub, needs protection from winter winds
  • Cornelian Cherry (Cornus mas), small tree, berries
  • Hazelnut/Filbert (Corylus avellana), large shrub
  • Pawpaw (Asimina triloba), native small tree, fruits
  • Quince (Chaenomeles speciousa, Pseudocydonia sinensis, Cydonia oblonga), large shrub, fruits
  • Serviceberry (Amelanchier species), native small tree, berries

Small Shrubs

  • Blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum), native small shrub
  • Raspberry, Blackberry (Rubus species), small thorny thicket-forming shrub

Vines

  • Grape (Vitis selections)
  • Hardy Kiwi (Actinidia arguta)

Perennials

  • Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis), young stems
  • Jerusalem Artichoke/Sunchoke (Helianthus tuberosum), native sunflower, roots/tubers
  • Rhubarb (Rheum rhubarbarum, R. x cultorum), leaf stems –all other parts are poisonous
  • Strawberries (Fragaria x ananussa)
  • Thyme (Thymus vulgaris, T. citriodorus), foliage
  • Ostrich, Cinnamon & Royal Ferns (Matteuccia struthiopteris, Osmunda cinnamomea & O. regalis), emerging fronds/fiddleheads/croziers

Ornamental Edible Annuals

  • Basil Purple Ruffles
  • Peppers –bush type with small colorful fruits such as Tabasco or Tangerine Dream
  • Red and Green Leaf Lettuce
  • Scarlet Runner Bean (Phaseolus coccineus), annual vine, flowers & beans, attracts hummingbirds
  • Sunflower (Hellianthis annuus), seeds
  • Swiss Chard Bright Lights

 

If you are feeling more adventurous:

  • Blackhaw Viburnum (Viburnum prunifolium), native large shrub, fruits
  • Dandelions, sheep sorrel & dock, weeds, tender new leaves
  • Elderberry (Sambucus canadensis), native shrub, fruit
  • Ginko (Ginko biloba), large tree, fruits
  • Hardy Orange (Poncirus trifoliata), large shrub or small thorny tree, fruits
  • Kentucky Coffeetree (Gymnocladus dioicus), native large tree, seed used for coffee substitute
  • Korean Pine (Pinus koreana), large evergreen, cones contain pinenuts
  • Linden (Tilia species), large tree, some people eat the tender young leaves
  • Mespilus (Mespilus germanica), small tree, fruit
  • Passion Flower/Maypops (Passiflora incarnata), native vine, fruits
  • Prickly Pear Cactus (Opunta humisifolia), native Delaware cactus, pads and fruit
  • Sassafrass (Sassafrass albidum), native tree, bark of roots is used for tea, candy
  • Sea Kale (Crambe maritima), perennial, leaves
  • Sugar Maple (Acer saccarum) native large tree, sap used for syrup & candy
  • Tea (Camelia sinensis), large evergreen shrub, tea is made from this plant

 

Find information online for growing and harvesting. Your local Cooperative Extension service is a good place to start for information on domesticated nuts, fruits and vegetables.

 

Additional images

Japanese Flowing Quince has beautiful spring blossoms

Sunflower seeds are tasty to both birds and people